PEAK Performance: Injury Prevention
Injuries to the musculoskeletal system are prevalent at all levels of competitive athletics.
50,000 overuse injuries are sustained annually. As participation increases so does the level competition.
Practices are geared toward training for improved performance, which when left unchecked or progressed inappropriately, leads to increased prevalence of injuries.
Twice the number of injuries in practice happened in the preseason, leading to the conclusion that players are coming into the season deconditioned and not ready for the stresses of repetitive throwing and swinging.
The literature shows that coachs' training in injury prevention and detection is lacking. Despite the availability of resources many programs lack major fitness/prevention components, which might include, power, balance and agility flexibility training.
Why do injuries occur?
Sports related injuries are of two types. Overuse and Traumatic.
There is not too much that one can do to prevent traumatic injuries as they typically result from high impact or high velocity stresses. However, a well conditioned body may be better able to withstand these stresses, thus minimizing the injury.
An overuse injury results from an accumulation of stresses to the involved structures including the bone, ligaments, or tendons. Anatomic sites vary, but the cause is constant...Repetitive episodes of trauma leading to the inability of the body to repair itself.
The key to preventing overuse injuries is proper training and development of a body that is strong and flexible enough to withstand these types of stresses and strains.
What are your options?
- Continue your current off-season and in-season program.
- Do some research to implement and run your own program.
- Give players list of exercises and training to do on their own or together.
- Have a trained professional implement, run and monitor follow-through on a regular basis.